Email updates

Keep up to date with the latest news and content from Chiropractic & Manual Therapies and BioMed Central.

Journal App

google play app store
Open Access Highly Accessed Open Badges Case report

Xiphodynia: A diagnostic conundrum

J Keith Simpson1* and Erin Hawken2

Author Affiliations

1 Clinic Director, Murdoch University Chiropractic Clinic, School of Chiropractic, Murdoch University, Murdoch, Western Australia 6150, Australia

2 Private Practice, Burswood Health Professionals, 21 Harvey Street, Burswood, Western Australia 6100, Australia

For all author emails, please log on.

Chiropractic & Osteopathy 2007, 15:13  doi:10.1186/1746-1340-15-13

Published: 15 September 2007


This paper presents 3 case reports of xiphodynia that presented to a chiropractic clinic. The paper examines aspects of xiphodynia including relevant anatomy of the xiphoid, as well as the incidence, aetiology, symptoms, diagnosis, and treatment. A brief overview of the mechanism of referred pain is presented.